Kidney stone surgery involves intricate procedures aimed at the removal of kidney stones that prove too large to pass naturally cause severe pain, infections, or hinder kidney function. Under the purview of a urologist – a specialist in urinary tract diseases – various surgical approaches are employed based on factors such as stone size, location, and patient preference.

Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are solid deposits of minerals and salts that form within the kidneys or urinary tract. They can cause severe pain, discomfort, and complications if not properly managed. Understanding the treatment options and management strategies for kidney stones is crucial for effective relief and prevention of recurrence.

Diagnosis and Tests:

1. Imaging Tests:

Upon suspicion of kidney stones, your healthcare provider initiates a diagnostic process involving a thorough discussion of your medical history and the prescription of specific tests. Advanced imaging techniques, including X-ray, CT scan, and ultrasound, are deployed to precisely visualize the size, shape, location, and quantity of kidney stones. These critical insights inform the provider's decision-making regarding the appropriate treatment strategy.

2. Blood Test:

A comprehensive blood test is conducted to assess the renal functionality, identify potential infections, and detect biochemical irregularities that may contribute to the development of kidney stones. This diagnostic step provides essential information about the overall health of the kidneys.

3. Urine Test:

Analysis of urine samples is undertaken to identify signs of infection and scrutinize the levels of substances implicated in the formation of kidney stones. This thorough examination aids in obtaining a comprehensive understanding of the patient's renal condition.

Management and Treatment by Best Kidney Stone Treatment Doctors in Gwalior

Determining the Need for Treatment:

Upon successful diagnosis, the healthcare provider evaluates the necessity for treatment. Smaller kidney stones may pass through the urinary system during normal urination, albeit causing significant pain. If treatment is deemed essential, options include medications and surgical interventions.


Prescribed medications serve various purposes, including:

  • Pain Reduction: Over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen or intravenous narcotics in emergency settings may be recommended to alleviate pain.

  • Nausea/Vomiting Management: Medications may be administered to address nausea and vomiting.

  • Ureter Relaxation: Specific medications  are commonly prescribed to relax the ureter, facilitating the passage of kidney stones.


Prior consultation with the healthcare provider is crucial before taking ibuprofen, especially during acute kidney stone attacks. This drug poses an increased risk of kidney failure, particularly in individuals with a history of kidney disease, diabetes, hypertension, or obesity.

Types of Kidney Stone Treatment Surgeries

1. Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL)


  • Least invasive method for stone removal.

  • Utilizes high-energy shock waves to fragment kidney stones into fine particles for easy passage through the urinary tract.


  • Often same-day discharge; may require an overnight stay for complex cases.

2. Ureteroscopy (URS)


  • Addresses stones in the ureter, particularly those near the bladder.

  • Involves a flexible tube (ureteroscope) passage through the urethra, bladder, and up to the stone location.

  • Stone removal either as a whole or after laser fragmentation.


  • Same-day discharge or overnight hospital stay.

3. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL)


  • Reserved for large stones (>20 mm) or staghorn stones.

  • Involves endoscope insertion through a small back incision to visualize and remove the kidney stone.

  • Laser fragmentation may precede removal.

  • Temporary nephrostomy tube insertion for urine drainage in some cases.


  • Hospital stay typically one to two nights.

4. Laparoscopic and Robot-Assisted Surgery


  • More invasive, used when other methods fail.

  • Thin surgical instruments or robotic hands with attached instruments are used for stone removal through small abdominal cuts.


  • Approximately three-night hospital stay.

5. Open Surgery


  • Rarely performed, reserved for complex cases.

  • Stone removal through an abdominal or side incision.

  • Temporary nephrostomy tube placement for urine drainage.


  • Extended hospital stay of six to nine nights.

Purpose of Kidney Stone Treatment Surgery

The primary objective of kidney stone surgery is the removal of stones to alleviate symptoms and address medical conditions associated with their presence, such as urinary tract infections or acute kidney failure. Specific indications for surgery include stones greater than 10 mm in the ureter, uncomplicated distal ureteral stones less than 10 mm after weeks of observation, symptomatic kidney stones without alternative explanations for pain, and persistent kidney obstruction or recurrent urinary tract infections linked to stones.

Pre-Op Testing and Surgical Planning

Before kidney stone surgery, comprehensive pre-operative tests are conducted. These include a complete blood count (CBC), urinalysis, urine culture for infection assessment, and a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis. Detection of infection may prompt antibiotic treatment. Additional imaging studies like contrast-enhanced CT, intravenous pyelography (IVP), or magnetic resonance urography may be necessary for complex cases. Anesthesia clearance tests such as electrocardiogram (ECG) are also performed.

Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) for Kidney Stone

Flexible ureteroscopes have enabled Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS), a minimally invasive urological procedure. Ideal for challenging cases, RIRS utilizes a flexible ureteroscope for intrarenal lithotripsy, offering visualization of virtually any urinary system area. While costly, this technique proves effective for treating failed attempts, large stones, strictures, tumours, pediatric cases, bleeding disorders, and grossly obese patients.

Why is Link Hospital the best hospital and has Global Recognition?

Link Hospital is situated in India and stand as a premier institution for kidney stone removal, distinguished by its commitment to unparalleled patient care and an advanced hospital experience. Our facility boasts top-tier specialists and advanced technology housed under a single roof, ensuring the delivery of high-quality treatment to patients.

1. Experienced Team

Our team at Link Hospital, India has the Best Doctors for Kidney stone treatment in Gwalior comprises highly skilled specialists with a collective experience of years. Their expertise ensures the delivery of precise and effective care in the field of kidney stone removal.

2. Clinical Excellence

Demonstrating proven experience, we excel in handling even the most complex cases with accuracy and precision. Our commitment to clinical excellence is reflected in the successful outcomes of diverse and challenging scenarios.

3. Advanced Technology

Equipped with the latest technologies, Link Hospital, India, leads the way in diagnosing and treating cases using innovative and unconventional methods. Our technological infrastructure is at the forefront of medical advancements.

4. Personalized Care

At Link Hospital, India, we prioritize personalized care, tailoring our treatments to meet the unique requirements of each patient. This approach ensures that individuals receive the most effective and tailored interventions for kidney stone removal.

5. Stringent Infection Control

Committed to patient safety, we adhere to strict protocols for infection control. These measures are meticulously implemented to prevent complications and maintain a hygienic and secure environment within the hospital.

Link Hospital, India, attracts patients from diverse locations. This recognition attests to our standing as a preferred destination for individuals seeking world-class kidney stone removal services.

In conclusion, Link Hospital, India, stand as the best in technical expertise in kidney stone removal, combining a skilled team, clinical excellence, Advanced technology, personalized care, and stringent infection control measures. Our global reach reinforces our commitment to providing superior healthcare solutions to patients from various corners of the world.

The Medical approach to kidney stone diagnosis involves advanced imaging, blood, and urine tests, enabling a precise understanding of the condition. Treatment options, ranging from medication to surgery, are carefully considered based on the diagnosis, with a focus on minimizing pain and addressing associated symptoms. You Must Consult your Doctors before taking any medication. If you are also suffering from this Pain, Book an appointment with the best Doctors at Link Hospital.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can Kidney Stones be treated without Surgery?

Yes, 90% of kidney stones pass naturally within 3 to 6 weeks. Pain relief and medication are administered, and interventions like lithotripsy or antibiotics may be employed if needed.

2. How can kidney stones be a problem?

Kidney stones cause unbearable pain and, if untreated, may lead to kidney failure or complications like cancer.

3. What are the first signs of kidney stones?

Signs include severe groin and side pain, reduced urine output, burning during urination, nausea, vomiting, and the presence of pus and blood in urine.

4. What is the main cause of kidney stones?

Common causes include inadequate fluid intake, acidic urine, certain diseases, heredity, and excessive consumption of certain foods.

5. Are Kidney Stones serious?

Yes, untreated kidney stones may lead to urinary tract infections, kidney damage, and increased pressure on the kidneys, affecting their function.

6. Can I die from a kidney stone?

In rare cases, if diagnosis and treatment are delayed, kidney infection may lead to a life-threatening condition called sepsis.

7. What is the prevention of kidney stones?

Prevention involves adequate fluid intake, and avoiding excess salt, animal protein, fried foods, and alcohol.

8. What is the risk factor for kidney stones?

Risk factors include heredity, gender, certain diseases, diet, and lifestyle.

9. Why are Kidney Stones Considered Dangerous?

Large untreated stones may lead to permanent kidney damage and loss.

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